• Biography •Claude Oscar Monet (November 14, 1840-December 5, 1926.) was an impressionist painter. He was born in Paris, France. His family then moved to Le Havre in Normandy. His father wanted him to tackle the family grocery store business but Claude wanted to paint. He met Eugene Boudin who taught him en plein air (outdoor) techniques for painting, rather than painting in a studio. Monet went to Paris, France and visited The Louvre. He would see other painters imitating other famous artworks. Monet, having brought his tools and paint, would instead go and sit by a window and painted what he saw. He joined the army in Algeria from 1860-1862 but since he contracted typhoid and so his aunt Madame Lecadre intervened to get him out of the army if he agreed to complete an art course at a university.
He was disillusioned with the traditional art taught at universities and so, he then joined studio of Charles Glyre in Paris, where he met Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Fredric Brazille, and Alfred Sisley. Together, they shared new approaches to art, which later came to be known as impressionism, featuring open spaces and light painted with thick brushstrokes. Monet’s 1866 The Women in Green Dress (Camille, ou la femme a la robe verte) brought him recognition.
Upon returning to France from 1872 or 1873, he painted Impression, Sunrise (Impression, soleil levant), which depicted a Le Havre landscape. It hung in the impressionist exhibition in 1874 and is currently displayed in the Musee Marmottan-Monet, Paris. Impressionism was taken from the title of this painting.
In 1870, Monet and Camille Doncieux married and in 1873 moved into a house in Argenteuil near the Seine River. They had their sons Jean and Michel, the first-born and the younger one, respectively. Camille died of tuberculosis on March 17, 1878. Alice Hoschede helped Claude by bringing up his two children. They later on moved to Giverny, Eure, in Haute-Normandy in April , 1883. He planted a large garden there, which he painted for the rest of his life. Monet and Hoschede married in 1892.
Between the 1880’s and 1890’s Monet began “series” paintings - paintings of one subject in varying viewpoints and different lighting. The Rouen Cathedral was his first series painting. He painted it from different times of the day and different points of view. All 20 views were exhibited at Durand-ruel gallery in 1895. He also made series paintings of haystacks. He painted controlled nature and was fond of it. He painted his garden, his water lilies, his bridge, and up and down the Seine banks. In 1883 to 1908, he traveled to the Mediterranean and painted many landscapes such as Bordighera. Cataracts formed in his eyes and underwent 2 surgeries. He died on December 5, 1926 and is buried in Giverny Churchyard cemetery.
• Artwork •Impression, Sunrise
This is an oil painting of Claude Monet. It is a painting of his impression of a sunrise. He used his own style, which later became popular. He used bright colors and light strokes using a thick brush.
The Woman in the Green Dress This was also known as "Camille ou la femme à la robe verte". This painting depicted Camille Doncieux. Shortly thereafter Doncieux became pregnant and bore their first child, Jean.