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• Biography •

LunaJuan Luna (October 23, 1857-December 7, 1899) was born in Bacolod, Ilocos, Philippines, and was the third of seven children. He showed artistic potential at an early age and was encouraged to take painting lessons. He was sent to Europe for further training. He enrolled at the age of 20 in Madrid at the San Francisco Academy of Arts (Escuella de Bellas Artes de San Fernando). He was under the personal tutelage of Alejo Vera, a contemporaray painter who took Luna to Rome to study the masters.

His most famous piece is the Spolarium for which he won top prize at the 1884 Madrid Exposition. Luna later established his studio in Paris. In 1886, he got married, but later murdered his wife and his mother-in-law in a fit of jealousy, for which the French court acquitted him of all charges.

In 1894, he returned to the Philippines after almost 20 years absence and was arrested two years later under suspicion of sedition. He was later pardoned. His brother, General Antonio Luna, was an active participant in the insurgent Katipunan movement. Luna died in Hong Kong of a heart attack in December 1899, upon hearing of his brotherís assassination by Katipunan leaders.

• Artwork •

Spolarium (Click to enlarge)Spolarium
This is a revolutionary painting. Painted during the Spanish times in the Philippines, it was meant to show and signify the harshness and discrimination of Spaniards to Filipinos. This painting depicted the dead gladiators.

Tampuhan (Click to enlarge)Tampuhan This painting depicted a Filipino setting where a couple of sweethearts are having a loverís quarrel. They are doing the Filipino nonverbal expression in a conflict or quarrel between one another.

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